What is cocaine?

Cocaine Hydrochloride (“coke,” “blow”) is a white powder derived from the leaves of the coca plant, which grows mainly in South America. Cocaine can be snorted, injected or smoked in the form of “crack cocaine”, made by chemically altering cocaine powder into crystals or “rocks.” 

What are the effects of cocaine? 

Cocaine is a stimulant drug like speed but much shorter acting. It causes a sudden increase in heart rate, blood pressure and breathing. It also leads to feelings of confidence, alertness and euphoria.

Is cocaine addictive?
 

Cocaine users frequently find that they need more and more cocaine more often to generate the same level of stimulation.  Therefore, any use can lead to addiction.

What are the risks of cocaine?
 

Cocaine and crack are very short acting. This can lead to using too much or using too often. Many users become compulsive in their use of cocaine, which can lead to physical or psychological addiction. The after-effects can include depression, agitation, anxiety and paranoia. The intensity of these effects depends on how much and how often cocaine is used, and are more intense when cocaine is smoked as crack. High or frequent doses have caused seizures, strokes, or heart attacks in some people. Repeated snorting can damage the membranes of the nose. Cocaine is also illegal and getting caught with it in your possession can result in long prison sentences. Giving cocaine to someone else, even if no money was exchanged, can result in even longer sentences.

If you or someone you know thinks that they may have a problem with cocaine please click here for more information.